Mar 01, 2024  
2023-2024 General Catalog 
2023-2024 General Catalog
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BIO 163 - Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology

Course Department: Science
Last Date of Approval: Spring 2021

4 Credits
Total Lecture Hours: 45
Total Lab Hours: 30
Total Clinical Hours: 0
Total Work-Based Experience Hours: 0

Course Description:
A study of the structure and function of the human body. The study begins at the molecular and cellular level and proceeds through the following body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive. This course will help students refine their critical thinking skills as they evaluate various topics and concepts while searching for underlying connections between the concepts, which is a skill that should be beneficial in any/all types of careers. This course will also help students gain scientific literacy which will be of vital significance when making important life decisions. This course is not equivalent to BIO-168 Human Anatomy and Physiology I. 

Prerequisites/Corequisites: None

Mode(s) of Instruction: traditional/face-to-face

Credit for Prior Learning: There are no Credit for Prior Learning opportunities for this course.

Course Fees: None

Common Course Assessment(s): None

Student Learning Outcomes and Objectives:
  • analyze the levels of biological organization within the human body.
  • identify the structures and systems of the human body in their form and organization.
  • examine the mechanisms by which the human organism functions.


Unit Objectives:

Unit 1: Fundamentals of biology, science, and society

Objective 1: Define biology and briefly describe the characteristics of living organisms, with a special emphasis on the concept of homeostasis and the negative feedback mechanism of control.

Objective 2: Describe how multicellular organisms are organized at hierarchial levels, each increasing in complexity from cells to tissues, organs, organ systems, completing an organism.

Objective 3:  Explain the scientific method as a process for testing ideas, including the differences between inductive and deductive reasoning and positive and negative controls.

Objective 4: Discuss the role of science in society and the environment.

Objective 5: Describe the role of biological agents in human diseases.

Unit 2: Basic chemistry of living organisms

Objective 1:  Differentiate between acids, bases, and salts and discuss the importance of the pH scale.

Objective 2: Differentiate between inorganic and organic molecules.

Objective 3:  Describe the general structure and biological functions for each class of organic molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids).  Also provide examples of where each is found in nature.

Unit 3: Body organization, cells, and tissues

Objective 1: Explain the general structure and function of a cell and relate this to the functioning of the human body.

Unit 4: Body systems

Objective 1: List and describe the structure and function of the following body  systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive.

Objective 2:  Explain the genetics behind select human disorders and cancer.

Objective 3: Discuss the biology behind human development and aging.

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