PHY 212 - Classical Physics I
Last Date of Approval: fall 2021
Total Lecture Hours: 45
Total Lab Hours: 60
Total Clinical Hours: 0
Total Work-Based Experience Hours: 0
This course is designed to meet the needs of students planning to major in engineering and various fields of science. Topics covered include elementary mechanics, including kinematics and dynamics of particles; work and energy; linear and angular momentum; rotational motion; thermodynamics, and gravitation. This course will help students refine their critical thinking skills as they evaluate various topics and concepts while searching for underlying connections between the concepts, which is a skill that should be beneficial in any/all types of careers. This course will also help students gain scientific literacy which will be of vital significance when making important life decisions.
Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in MAT 210 - Calculus I or completion with a C or better. The latter is strongly recommended.
Mode(s) of Instruction: face-to-face
Credit for Prior Learning: There are no Credit for Prior Learning opportunities for this course.
Course Fees: None
Common Course Assessment(s): None
Student Learning Outcomes and Objectives:
- Create a graphical organizer to describe a physical situation such as a force diagram or energy diagram. Then use the graphical organizer to generate a set of equations describing the physical situation.
- Evaluate a physical situation in terms of applicable conservation laws with specific reference to an appropriate graphical organizer and/or set of equations describing the situation.
- Design a laboratory procedure to examine and assess data within the context of an accepted physical model.
Outcome 1: Utilize the SI system of measurement, error analysis and the use of vectors.
Task 1: Write the base units for mass, length, and time in SI units.
Task 2: Define and apply the SI prefixes that indicate multiples of base units.
Task 3: Convert from one unit to another unit for the same quantity when given the necessary definitions.
Task 4: Determine whether or not an equation is dimensionally correct.
Task 5: Apply the rules of significant figures and represent an answer with the correct number of significant figures.
Task 6: Define a vector quantity and a scalar quantity and give examples for each.
Task 7: Describe a vector in terms of components and unit vectors.
Task 8: Solve vector problems using geometric constructions and arithmetically by either plane trigonometry or component addition.
Task 9: Solve problems concerning dot & cross products of vectors and give examples of their physical significance.
Task 10: Quantify and minimize sources of random uncertainty so that the precision of measurements can be enhanced.
Task 11: Compensate for systematic error in measurements so that accuracy can be improved.
Outcome 2: Apply the laws of motion in one, two, and three dimensions.
Task 1: Define and give formulas for displacement, average speed, average velocity and average acceleration.
Task 2: Solve problems involving time, displacement, average velocity, and average acceleration in both one, two, and three dimensions.
Task 3: Apply one of the general kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion to solve for one of the five parameters: initial velocity, final velocity, acceleration, time, and displacement.
Task 4: Plot graphs of displacement vs. time, velocity vs. time, and acceleration vs. time. Use any graph to determine the shape of the other two graphs and be able to determine instantaneous velocity, average velocity, instantaneous acceleration, average acceleration, and displacement from graphs.
Task 5: Recognize how graphs can be used to describe changes in position, velocity, and acceleration of an object moving along a straight line.
Task 6: Solve acceleration problems involving free-falling bodies in a gravitational field.
Task 7: Explain with equations and diagrams the horizontal and vertical motion of a projectile launched at various angles.
Task 8: Determine the position and velocity of a projectile when its initial velocity and position are given.
Task 9: Determine the range, the maximum height, and the time of flight for a projectile when the initial velocity and angle of projection are given.
Task 10: Determine the velocity, acceleration, and period of revolution of a particle moving in a circle.
Outcome 3: Analyze the relationship between the forces applied to an object and the motion that results.
Task 1: Describe the relationships among force, mass, and acceleration and give the consistent units for each.
Task 2: Demonstrate by definition and example your understanding of the distinction between mass and weight.
Task 3: Draw a free-body diagram for objects in motion with constant acceleration, set the resultant force equal to the total mass times the acceleration, and solve for unknown parameters.
Task 4: Identify the force pairs acting in a system.
Task 5: Describe the properties of friction and explain why the coefficient of static friction is greater than the coefficient of kinetic friction.
Task 6: Solve friction and frictionless problems for any of the following: force (or force component forces), mass, acceleration, tension, coefficients of friction, or inclined plane angles.
Task 7: Examine a variable force system such as suspended masses on a spring. Using different masses, determine the resulting displacement. Graph force vs. displacement. Determine the spring constant k from the graph and derive W = ½ kx2.
Outcome 4: Utilize energy conservation and energy and work in a problem context.
Task 1: Define and write mathematical formulas for work, potential energy, kinetic energy, and power.
Task 2: Calculate the work done by constant and variable forces.
Task 3: Discuss and solve problems concerning the relationship between the performance of work and the corresponding change in kinetic energy.
Task 4: Solve problems involving the concept of kinetic energy and its relationship to the net work done on a point mass as embodied in the work-energy theorem.
Task 5: Discuss and solve problems concerning the principle of conservation of mechanical energy.
Task 6: Determine the power of a system and understand its relationship to time, force, distance, and velocity.
Task 7: Relate conservation and non-conservative forces to the net work done by a force when an object moves in a closed loop.
Outcome 5: Use concepts related to systems of particles and collisions. The concepts will include center of mass, impulse, linear momentum, and elastic and inelastic collisions.
Task 1: Evaluate the linear momentum of a system of particles.
Task 2: Find the Center of Mass of a system of particles and of a continuous object.
Task 3: Define and give examples of impulse and momentum as vector quantities.
Task 4: Write and apply a relationship between impulse and the resulting change in momentum.
Task 5: Distinguish by example and definition between elastic and inelastic collisions.
Task 6: In a system involving two objects where linear momentum is conserved, calculate the velocity or mass of either object if pertinent masses and velocities are given. Consider both elastic and inelastic collisions; and when only one body is initially moving or when both bodies are initially moving.
Task 7: State the law of conservation of momentum and apply it to the solution of physical problems.
Outcome 6: Apply the laws of motion relating to circular and rotational motion.
Task 1: Define and apply the concepts of frequency and period of rotation, and relate them to the linear speed of an object in uniform circular motion.
Task 2: Solve problems requiring the knowledge of centripetal force including banking angles, the conical pendulum, and motion in a vertical circle.
Task 3: Define and apply the concepts of frequency and period of rotation, and relate them to the linear speed of an object in uniform circular motion.
Task 4: Define angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration, and apply these concepts to the solution of physical problems.
Task 5: Draw analogies relating rotational-motion parameters (?, ?, a) to linear-motion parameters (d, v, a), and solve angular acceleration problems.
Task 6: Define the moment of inertia of a body and describe how this quantity and the angular speed can be used to calculate rotational kinetic energy.
Task 7: Apply the concepts of Newton’s second law, rotational work, rotational power, and angular momentum to the solution of physical problems.
Task 8: Write and apply the relationships between linear speed or acceleration and angular speed or acceleration.
Task 9: Compute the angular momentum about any center of a particle or system of particles.
Task 10: Compute the torque produced by a given force about a given center.
Task 11: Solve problems using the Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum.
Outcome 7: Use concepts of temperature, heat transfer, thermodynamics, and heat engines.
Task 1: Given a temperature in Fahrenheit, Celsius, or Kelvins, determine the temperatures in the other two scales.
Task 2: State and explain the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
Task 3: Solve problems concerning heat transfer (expansion, specific heat, final temperature of mixtures, heats of fusion and vaporization).
Task 4: Define and give illustrated examples of adiabatic, constant volume, cyclical and free expansion processes and be able to interpret a P-V diagram.
Task 5: Define the second law of thermodynamics stated in terms of entropy, energy transfer, or engine efficiency.
Task 6: Discuss the tenets of the Kinetic theory of gases.
Task 7: Describe an ideal gas. In the description include discussion of work done during an isothermal change, pressure exerted in terms of particle speed, average translational kinetic energy, molar specific heats, and adiabatic volume changes.
Task 8: Derive and use relationship between temperature, pressure, and volume for adiabatic and isothermal expansions and compressions of an ideal gas.
Task 9: Describe a heat engine in terms of an energy flow diagram and calculate the work done in a cycle.
Task 10: Derive and investigate the relationship between work done by a heat engine and changes in the pressure and volume of the engine’s working medium.
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