Jul 13, 2024  
2022-2023 General Catalog 
    
2022-2023 General Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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RAD 738 - Radiologic Pathology


Last Date of Approval: Spring 2021

2 Credits
Total Lecture Hours: 30
Total Lab Hours: 0
Total Clinical Hours: 0
Total Work-Based Experience Hours: 0

Course Description:
This is a one semester course and is designed to familiarize the student with certain changes that occur in disease and injury and how they apply to radiologic technology. This course is designed for students who are pursuing a radiologic technology degree. This course will help students expand their patient care skills with relation to awareness of patient’s disease and injuries and will help provide entry-level skills related specifically to radiologic technologist job duties while enhancing their overall knowledge when making important life decisions.

Corequisites: RAD 570, RAD 850 
Prerequisites: RAD 510 , RAD 770 , RAD 896  
Recommended(s): None
Mode(s) of Instruction: traditional/face-to-face

Credit for Prior Learning: None

Course Fees: None

Common Course Assessment(s): None

Student Learning Outcomes and Objectives:
Student Learning Outcomes 

  1. Gain a foundational understanding of pathology, cause of disease, process and progression, definitions and key terminology specific to pathology, and disease classification.
  2. Discuss etiology, examples, complications, procedural and technical considerations, and implications for practice of each body system investigated.
  3. Describe anatomic components of the skeletal system, radiographic criteria for diagnostic imaging of the skeletal system, the disease classification of various skeletal pathologies along with their signs, symptoms, and prognosis, and the role of medical imaging/modalities in diagnosis and treatment of skeletal pathologies.
  4. Describe anatomic components and function of the respiratory system, the diagnostic value of various chest radiographs, medical access equipment specific to the respiratory system, disease classification, sings, symptoms, prognosis, treatment, and radiographic appearance of given respiratory system diseases.
  5. Describe anatomic components and function of the cardiovascular system, the radiographic appearance of heart anatomy, cardiac cycle, role of imaging modalities in cardiovascular diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular pathologies, and the radiographic appearance of the given pathologic conditions.
  6. Describe anatomic components and function of the abdomen and gastrointestinal (GI) system, their radiographic appearance, the imaging modalities used, abdominal tubes and catheters, disease classification, sign, symptoms, prognosis, treatment, and the radiographic appearance of given GI pathologies.
  7. Describe anatomic components and function of the hepatobiliary system,  radiographic appearance, the role of imaging modalities used, disease classification, the pathogenesis and treatment of given pathologies and radiographic appearance.
  8. Describe anatomic components and function of the urinary system, role of other imaging modalities, congenital anomalies, disease classification, pathogenesis and treatment, and radiographic appearance of given pathologies.
  9. Describe anatomic components and function of the central nervous system (CNS), the role of other imaging modalities, congenital anomalies, disease classification, pathogenesis and treatment of given pathologies, and radiographic appearance.
  10. Describe anatomic components and function of the hemopoietic system, blood types, role of the lymphatic system in immunity, pathogenesis and treatment, and imaging modalities of choice for given pathologies.
  11. Describe anatomic components and function of the male and female reproductive system, the role of general radiography and other imaging modalities used for diagnosis and treatment, breast imaging methods, pathogenesis and treatment for given pathologies.
  12. Describe anatomic components and function of the endocrine system, the role of general radiology and other imaging modalities, and pathogenesis and treatment of given pathologies.
  13. Explain trauma center levels, terminology related to traumatic disease, the role of medical imaging, classification of skeletal fractures and injuries, radiographic appearance of given pathologies and treatment of skeletal fractures.

Course Objectives

Unit 1 - Introduction to Pathology

• Explain common terminology related to the study of pathology.

• Identify and explain the essential components of each disease and apply it to radiographic procedures.

• Describe the difference between structural and functional disease.

• Explain the changes that occur following injury to the cell.

• Summarize the system used for staging malignant tumors.

• Distinguish between disease diagnosis and prognosis.

• Identify methods of disease classification.

• Specify the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms and prognosis of pathologies of the human body.

• Identify the fundamental differences between carcinoma and benign pathology.

• Categorize a pathologic condition as congenital and hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, metabolic, traumatic, or neoplastic.

• Differentiate the features that distinguish benign from malignant tumors.

• Compare the differences of the origin of carcinoma and sarcoma

Unit 2 - Skeletal System 

• Identify anatomic components of the skeletal system on both a macroscopic and microscopic level.

• Define all key terminology.

• Explain criteria for assessing proper technical exposure technique of skeletal radiographs.

• Classify a given condition as congenital and hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, metabolic, traumatic, or neoplastic.

• Discuss the vertebral column and various diseases that affect it.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given skeletal pathologies and their treatments.

• Summarize the role of various imaging modalities in the identification and treatment of skeletal pathology.

Unit 3 - Respiratory System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the respiratory system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Indicate the diagnostic information obtained from the standard chest projections.

• Define the various types of tubes, vascular access line, and catheters used for the respiratory system and explain their use and role in patient care.

• Classify a given respiratory condition as congenital and hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, metabolic, traumatic, or neoplastic.

• Compare the pathogenesis of given thoracic pathologic conditions and treatment.

• Describe the levels of respiratory failure and the mechanisms through which it occurs.

• Explain the role of various imaging modalities in the identification and treatment of diseases of the chest.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of the given respiratory system pathologies.

Unit 4 - Cardiovascular System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the cardiovascular system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Identify the heart anatomy visualized on the conventional radiographic chest projections.

• Order and name each segment of the cardiac cycle.

• Explain the role of various imaging modalities in the identification and treatment and management of cardiovascular pathologies.

• Compare the major congenital anomalies of the cardiovascular system.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given cardiovascular pathologies and their treatments.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each given cardiovascular system pathology.

Unit 5 - Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System 

• Describe anatomic components and function of the abdomen and gastrointestinal system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the evaluation of the abdomen.

• Define the types of tubes and catheters used for the GI system and explain their use and role in patient care.

• Classify a given condition as congenital and hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, metabolic, traumatic, or neoplastic.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given GI pathologies and their treatments.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each given GI pathologic condition.

Unit 6 - Hepatobiliary System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the hepatobiliary system.

• Define all key terminology.

• State how hepatobiliary structures are visualized on radiographs.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the evaluation of the hepatobiliary system.

• Identify the disease classification of the given Hepatobiliary pathologic conditions.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given hepatobiliary pathologies and their treatments.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each given pathologic condition of the hepatobiliary system.

Unit 7 - Urinary System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the urinary system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the evaluation of the urinary system.

• Discuss congenital anomalies of the urinary system.

• Identify the disease classification of the given urinary system pathologic conditions.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given urinary system pathologies and their treatments.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each given pathologic condition of the urinary system.

Unit 8 - Central Nervous System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the central nervous system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the evaluation of the central nervous system.

• Discuss congenital anomalies of the CNS.

• Identify the disease classification of the given CNS pathologic conditions. 

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given CNS pathologies and their treatments.

• Compare the imaging modalities of choice for the each given CNS pathologic condition.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each given pathologic condition of the CNS.

Unit 9 - Hemopoietic System

• List the main components of blood and the function of each of them.

• Define all key terminology.

• Identify the blood types.

• Explain how the lymphatic system influences immunity.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given CNS pathologies and their treatments.

• Discuss Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome.

• Describe the imaging modalities that are used to aid in diagnosing hemopoietic disorders.

Unit 10 - Reproductive System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the male and female reproductive systems.

• Define all key terminology.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the diagnosis and treatment of reproductive system disorders.

• Compare the different types of breast imaging methods, including the differences of diagnostic, screening and localization techniques of the breast.

• Explain the major congenital anomalies of the female reproductive system.

• Compare the different neoplastic pathologies of the male and female reproductive systems in terms of etiology, incidence, signs, symptoms, treatment, and prognosis.

• Discuss the role of diagnostic medical sonography in the management of the gravid female.

Unit 11- Endocrine System

• Describe anatomic components and function of the endocrine system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Discuss the nature of enzymes and hormones.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine system disorders.

• State the pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of the given endocrine system pathologies and their treatments.

Unit 12 - Traumatic Disease 

• Differentiate between level I, II, III and IV trauma centers along with the role designated to each within the emergency medical system.

• Define all key terminology.

• Summarize terminology common to traumatic disease.

• Compare the various imaging modalities used for the evaluation and treatment of traumatic injuries.

• Describe the radiographic appearance of each of the given pathologies, fractures, skeletal and vertebral traumatic injuries.

• Identify skeletal fractures according to the various fracture classifications.

• State the common methods used for treatment of skeletal fractures.

• Discuss trauma of the Thorax and abdomen.



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