RAD 690 - Cross Sectional Anatomy
Last Date of Approval: Spring 2021
Total Lecture Hours: 15
Total Lab Hours: 0
Total Clinical Hours: 0
Total Work-Based Experience Hours: 0
This is a one semester course that includes the principles and applications of cross-sectional anatomy. The student will explore radiology modalities studying the regions of the body in a transverse, sagittal, or coronal section and will be able to identify the anatomy of that area. This course will help students to gain knowledge of cross-sectional anatomy and will help provide entry-level skills related specifically to radiologic technologist job duties while enhancing their overall knowledge when making important life decisions.
Corequisites: RAD 946, RAD 620
Prerequisites: RAD 570 , RAD 738 , RAD 850
Mode(s) of Instruction: Traditional/face-to-face
Credit for Prior Learning: There are no Credit for Prior Learning opportunities for this course.
Course Fees: None
Common Course Assessment(s): None
Student Learning Outcomes and Objectives:
Student Learning Outcomes:
- Identify basic Cross Sectional Anatomy of the Cranium, facial bones, brain, spine, neck, thorax, and abdomen/pelvis regions of the human body.
- Understand spatial relationships and anatomy using sagittal, coronal and axial planes of the human body
- Define anatomic locations of major vessels and organs within the human body
- Identify how the position of anatomy changes within various body regions
- Utilize critical thinking skills in evaluating anatomy using various modalities that students may encounter in Radiologic Imaging, specifically, MRI, CT and Ultrasound.
Unit 1: CRANUIM, FACIAL BONES, BRAIN
- Name the bones of the cranium and the face. Identify the four paranasal sinuses.
- Identify the five lobes of the cerebrum.
- Locate the components of the brainstem.
- Compare the cerebrum and cerebellum with respect to size, appearance, location, and structure.
- Trace the flow the cerebrospinal fluid through the ventricles in the brain.
Unit 2: SPINE & NECK
- Identify the bones that make-up the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx, vertebra column.
- Describe the meninges, segments, and nerve roots of the spinal cord.
- Describe the location of the cervical, brachial, lumbar and sacral plexuses.
- Identify the vasculature of the spine.
- Describe the arterial blood supply to the brain.
- Identify the major venous sinuses that return blood from the brain to the internal jugular vein.
- Discuss the relationships of the esophagus and trachea as they descend through the neck.
- Discuss the relationships of the internal jugular vein with other vessels and anatomic structures as it descends from the jugular foramen to the brachiocephalic vein.
- State the origin and pathway of the vertebral arteries.
- Identify the regions of the brain, blood vessels, and viscera of the head and neck in transverse, sagittal, and coronal sections.
Unit 3: THORAX
- Identify and describe the bones that form the thoracic cage. State the vertebral level of the jugular notch, the sternal angle, and the xiphisternal junction.
- Describe the pleura and pleural cavities.
- Compare the features of the right and left lungs.
- List the divisions of the mediastinum and the contents of each region.
- Describe the pericardial sac, the pericardium, and the pericardial cavity.
- Describe the structure of the heart wall.
- Define and state the location of the apex, the base, the surfaces, and the borders of the heart.
- Trace the pathway of a stimulus through the conduction system of the heart.
- Identify the great vessels associated with the heart by describing the location and the relationships of each vessel.
- Trace the flow of blood through the heart from the right atrium to the ascending aorta.
- Identify the skeletal components, the muscles, the blood vessels, and the viscera of the thorax in transverse, sagittal, and coronal sections.
Unit 4: ABDOMEN
- State the boundaries of the abdomen.
- Describe the structure of the diaphragm, name and give the vertebral levels of the three major openings in the diaphragm, and identify the structures that pass through each opening.
- State the level of origin of the visceral branches of the abdominal aorta and identify the regions each one supplies.
- Identify the inferior vena cava.
- Trace the pathway of blood through the hepatic portal system of veins.
- Discuss the structure and the relationships of the liver, including its lobar subdivisions and its blood supply.
- Discuss the visceral relationships of the gallbladder.
- Name the regions of the small intestine.
- Identify the regions of the large intestine.
- Describe the location and the relationships of the spleen.
- Discuss the location and the relationships of the head, neck, body, and tail of the pancreas.
- Describe the location and the relationships of the kidneys, ureters, and suprarenal glands.
- Identify the abdominal viscera, muscles, and blood vessels on transverse, sagittal, and coronal sections.
Unit 5: PELVIS
- Define the term “pelvis.”
- Describe the anterior relationships of the rectum in the male and in the female.
- Compare the relationships of the urinary organs in the male and in the female.
- Describe the normal location and attachments of the ovaries.
- Identify the uterus.
- Describe the normal position and relationships of the uterus.
- Identify and compare the three muscles of the urogenital region of the peritoneum in the male and in the female.
- Identify the muscles, viscera, blood vessels, and skeletal components of the male pelvis in transverse, sagittal, and coronal sections.
- Identify the muscles, viscera, blood vessels, and skeletal components of the female pelvis in transverse, sagittal, and coronal sections.
Unit 6: EXTREMITIES AND ARTICULATIONS
- Identify the bones that make up the pectoral girdle.
- Identify the skeletal, muscular, vascular, and neural components of the arm.
- Identify the skeletal, muscular, vascular, and neural components of the forearm.
- Describe the structure of the shoulder joint, and discuss the anatomic relationships of its components.
- Describe the structure of the elbow joint, and discuss the anatomic relationships of its components.
- Identify the skeletal and the muscular components of the thigh.
- Identify the skeletal and muscular components of the leg.
- Describe the location, boundaries, and contents of the popliteal fossa.
- Describe the structure of the knee joint, and discuss the anatomic relationships of its components.
- Describe the structure of the ankle joint, and discuss the anatomic relationships of its components.
- Identify the structural components of the lower extremity in transverse sections.
- Identify the structural components of the articulations associated with the upper and lower extremities in transverse, sagittal, and coronal planes
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